The treatment aims to reduce the discomfort caused by histamine. Pharmaceuticals commonly used include oral and nasal sprays Anti-histamine medications; oral medications, injections or nasal sprays containing steroids; Pseudoephedrine against the drug stuffy nose; coordinate anti-histamine and anti – stuffy nose.
The basic antihistamine drugs used primarily to relieve symptoms such as itching, sneezing, runny nose, itchy and watery eyes. It prevents the reproduction of chemical histamine but not effective for stuffy nose.
It is also used as preventive treatment: Patients with seasonal allergies may be taken before or at the beginning of allergy season; year-round allergies are also used before access to the contaminant. Also do not be astonished when they see people take medication throughout the year, depending on the condition and also according to the opinion of the physician.
Antihistamine drugs are bought or sold or free or prescription.
Some older generation antihistamine used from 1930 to the brain and can cause ecstasy, sleepy, so we need to be careful when driving a car or operating automatic machine.
Since 1980, a number of anti-histamine does not cause ecstatic to be marketed, prescription and is also quite expensive
a-antihistamine drug causes ecstatic, sleepy such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl), Chlotrimeton
Benadryl is the most common type. The drug can cause some side effects, it isn’t good for over 60 years old man. For example: disorientation, dizziness, fainting, poor attention, ecstatic drowsiness, amnesia, dry mouth, constipation, difficulty urinating, blurred vision. When taking Benadryl should not drink wine, sleeping pills. And to avoid stimulating the stomach, so take with a little of milk or eating food.
b-The drug does not cause sleepiness: Oral Allegra, Claritin, Zyrtec. Claritin was purchased without a prescription. These drugs have the advantage that they do not cause sleepiness ecstatic to facilitate the work to drive or need more mental focus.
Recently, the Canadian has Aerius medicine that not caused ecstatic, effective for stuffy nose and itchy watery eyes, runny nose and does not require a prescription.
Also nasal sprays Sinarest, Afrin, Astelin, steroid drugs such as Beconase, Vancenase, Nasocort are very effective.
To avoid the side effects of the antihistamine, anti-stuffy nose, as well as other drugs, please consult your doctor before use, especially with the person has a glaucoma, high blood pressure.
Allergies are often caused by environmental factors, so prevention aims to prevent exposure to that agents. Here are a few methods:
1-Allergy to pollen: The number of pollen in the air high from midnight to 8 am, especially on sunny warm and dry days. During this period the maximum to avoid going outdoors; and closing the door, use air conditioning. If you need to go out, wear a mask covering mouth and nose.
Time is safe to go out after a rain, water droplets will wash away the pollen from the air flying.
Do not dry clothes outside the garden, to avoid pollen
If you work in the garden, you should wash, shampoo before going to bed
- Allergy to mold: Indoors, mold common in bathrooms, toilets, so they should be cleaned with chlorine solution; avoid gardening, raking leaves to avoid inhaling mold, dust.
- Allergy to dust in the home: Keep the house clean, especially in the bedroom; pillow covers, mattress; wash sheets every week with hot water except mites; Using type curtains are easy cleaning; run the air conditioner to reduce indoor humidity.
- Don’t feed dogs, cats in the house; bathing them every week; Do not let the cat lying on the carpet in the living room, bedroom.